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Author: Rautenstrauchowa, Łucja

Pseudonyms:Ł. z G. R.
Spouse/other names:Łucja z Giedroyciów Rautenstrauchowa;married to General Józef Rautenstrauch
Year of birth:1798
Year of death:1886
About her personal situation:Standardizing 5TrSchoolFeb13: Origin - Place of birth : the Russian-occupied part of Poland, Jun 22, 1798 - Lived in: the Russian-occupied part of Poland; France - Place of death : the Russian-occupied part of Poland, May 3, 1886 National identity • Nationality : Polish • First language (s) : Polish Marital status: - married 1820, separated 1827, widowed 1842 Number of children : - 0 Social class : - nobility by birth Education: - Well educated at home - attending lectures at university (one of the first Polish women) Religion/ideology : - Roman Catholic She spent her early youth in France. Her sister was lady-in-waiting to Empress Josephine, wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. At twenty-two, Łucja née Giedroyć was married to General Józef Rautenstrauch, twenty-five years her senior. General Rautenstrauch was a loyal supporter of the Russian tsar. This was a shameful fact for his patriotically minded wife, particularly at the time of the 1830 November Insurrection. On account of Rautenstrauchowa’s husband's marital infidelity and overall spousal incompatibility, separation was decided in 1827. The marriage was not, however, fully terminated until 1842, with the General's death. Łucja Rautenstrauchowa never remarried.

Relations to other authors:

About her professional situation:Standardizing 5TrSchoolFeb13: Publishing under: - pseudonym neutral - initials Profession(s) and activities: - traveller, - novelist, - translator from French Languages in which she published : - Polish Collaboration/connections with male authors : - Not yet checked Financial aspects of her career: - other income - rich by birth Memberships - Not yet checked Rautenstrauchowa made her literary debut in 1821, with a sentimental romance, Emmelina i Arnolf [Emmeline and Arnolf]. In the following year, she published a pamphlet entitled Myśli o wychowaniu kobiet [Thoughts on Female Education]. Several radical postulates contained therein demonstrated her reformatory spirit. Among these was the need for women’s education in order to render them suitable partners for men – and possibly even politicians. In 1830 and 1831, Rautenstrauchowa produced two more novels. Both influenced by Ann Radcliffe's and Matthew Gregory Lewis's Gothic tales, these were Ragana czyli Płochość [Ragana, or Flightiness] and Przeznaczenie [Fate]. Given the combination of her novelistic flair with an excellent command of the French language, Rautenstrauchowa proved a successful translator as well. She co-authored a translation of Madame de Staël's Corinne, or Italy into Polish (1857), which – due to its undeniable merit – is the only rendition existing until this day. She authored Wspomnienia moje o Francyji ([My Memories of France], 1839), Ostatnia podróż do Francyji ([A Recent Trip to France], 1841) or the part domestic, part foreign Miasta, góry i doliny ([Towns, Hills and Valleys], 1844).
Elements of bibliography:Cf. - Borkowska Grażyna, Czermińska Małgorzata and Ursula Phillips. Pisarki polskie od średniowiecza do współczesności. Przewodnik [Polish Women Writers from the Middle Ages to Modern Times: a Survey]. Gdańsk: Słowo / obraz terytoria, 2000. - Burkot, Stanisław. Polskie podróżopisarstwo romantyczne [Polish Romantic Travel Writing]. Warsaw: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1988. Giedrojć, Magdalena. “Puławska księżniczka” [“The Princess of Puławy”]. Na Przykład. No. 46, 1997: 20-21. Giedrojć, Magdalena. Włoska podróż Łucji z Giedroyciów Rautenstrauchowej [The Italian Journey of Łucja Rautenstrauchowa née Giedroyć], unpublished M.A. dissertation, Lublin: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 1996. Hadrian, Ewa. Romantyczka w podróży: górskie peregrynacje Łucji z Giedroyciów Rautenstrauchowej [A Romantic Lady on the Road: Mountain Tours of Łucja Rautenstrauchowa née Giedroyć]. Lublin: Związek Podhalan, Oddział Tatrzański, Ognisko im. Tadeusza Staicha w Lublinie, 1998. Hoesick, Ferdynand. Tatry i Zakopane: przeszłość i teraźniejszość [The Tatras and Zakopane: the Past and the Present], Part II. Poznań-Warsaw-Vilnius: Księgarnia Św. Wojciecha, 1913. Ilnicka, M. “Łucya z książąt Giedroyciów Rautenstrauchowa” [“Łucya Rautenstrauchowa of the Giedroyć Princes”]. Bluszcz 1886: 19-21. Jakubiszyn-Tatarkiewiczowa, Anna. “Od Malmaison do Puław czyli Odyseja polskiej Korynny” [“From Malmaison to Puławy, or the Odyssey of the Polish Corinne”], Kamena (1958), Nos. 10-12: 16-22. Ptakowska-Wyżanowicz, Halina. Od krynoliny do liny [From the Hoop Skirt to the Climbing Rope]. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo “Sport i Turystyka”, 1960.
Websites: COST-WWIH contribution M.Ożarska Poznan 2012

Editors: Suzan van Dijk (create on 13 November 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 16 March 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 28 August 2012)
Magdalena Ożarska (update on 11 November 2012)
Magdalena Ożarska (update on 11 November 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 17 November 2012)
Magdalena Ożarska (update on 19 February 2013)
Magdalena Ożarska (update on 19 February 2013)
Magdalena Ożarska (update on 19 February 2013)
Magdalena Ożarska (update on 20 February 2013)
Magdalena Ożarska (update on 20 February 2013)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 20 February 2013)

Works written by this author

E 1 Emmelina i Arnolf [Emmeline and Arnolf] (1821)
E 2 Miasta, góry i doliny (Towns, mountains and valleys) (1844)
E 3 Myśli o wychowaniu kobiet [Thoughts on Female Education] (1822)
E 4 Ostatnia podróż do Francyji (My Recent Trip to France) (1941)
E 5 Przeznaczenie (Fate) (1831)
E 6 Ragana czyli płochość (Ragana, or Flightiness) (1831)
E 7 W Alpach i za Alpami (In and Beyond the Alps) (1847)
E 8 Wspomnienia moje o Francyji (My Memories of France) (1839)

Authors read by this author

Xreception 1 Radcliffe, Ann   -   The mysteries of Udolpho
Xreception 2 Sand, George   -   Lélia
Xreception 3 Staël, Germaine de   -   Corinne ou l'Italie
Xreception 4 Staël, Germaine de   -   *Germaine de Staël, the author