Searching You can search by clicking on one of the following links on the upper side of the screen. "Authors" to search for an author "Works" to search for a work "Receptions" to search for a reception Some hints for the various fields on which you can search: Author of reception document Use this field to find receptions by this person. To find receptions by a woman: search on her name To find receptions by a category (i.e. by men): search on the category To find receptions by a specific man: search on his name in the "title of reception document" field Author of work Use this field to find receptions of the works of this writer. Country This list contains only countries, not the areas in which a language was spoken. Sometimes you are uncertain about a country, for instance if you don't know if a writer who wrote in German lived in Germany, Austria, Switzerland or even the double-monarchy. Similary if a writer wrote in various languages or in the language that was not the official one of the country in which she lived. In such cases, it's best to try all possible countries (or no country at all) Elements of bibliography In this field you can search for various bibliographical works Gender The list of authors also ..\includes: * some names of persons who are not known for certain to be female (to find them choose "both") * various categories for male authors (e.g. translator) - their names, if known, are specified in the relevant records Genre The list allows you to choose amongst a number of genres. We have chosen to use fairly broadly defined genres, instead of splitting them into more precise subgenres (like historical novel, novel in letters). Living in year You can only search on a single year. Searching on a period of time is not possible Name Search in the names of "authors". The term "authors" here ..\includes translators and reporters, and any other women who have addressed themselves to a wider audience in writing or in print. Not included are women who just kept a diary or only wrote private letters. When searching, a part of the name often suffices. Receiving country Choose the country for which you'd like to see data on receptions. Please note: if you're looking for translations into a particular language, try all the countries in which this language was used. Records per page You can change this value if you'd like to see more records per page Reference Search on references to the source of a reception (such as journal, volume and page number of an article) Source This list contains the various sources in which data can be found. These include 18th and 19th century journals, library catalogues and lists of translations. By selecting one, you get the data which were found in this source. Title of reception document Search on the title of a translation, article etc. You can also use this field to search male reception-authors by name. Topos Search on narrative elements that can have a part in women's texts. Such elements, called "narrative topoi", are indicated with a code which was developed by SATOR (Société pour l'Analyse de la Topique Romanesque; see At the moment, these codes are only available in French. We are working on selecting topoi that can be considered relevant for the field of female authorship. Type of reception document This is a list of the various types of receptions: translation, journal article, comments in an egodocument etc. By selecting one, you get data on receptions of that particular type. Words of title You can search on the whole or part of a title. If you search on common words, the number of results may be too high. Try searching on words that are unique to the title you're looking for. Written/published in year Search on the year in which a reception was written or published. The "Reports" link takes you to a page with reports. Reports contain all the data in this database, grouped in various ways. Editors can use "login" link to get to the login page.

Author: Żmichowska, Narcyza

Spouse/other names:Zmichowska, Narcyza
Year of birth:1819
Year of death:1876
About her personal situation:standardizingnov12svd: Origin - Location where born : to be specified - Location where lived: Warsaw and Paris - Location where died : to be specified National identity • Nationality : Polish • First language : Polish Marital status: - not yet checked Number of children : - Not yet checked Social class : - Not yet checked Education : - Not yet checked Religion/ideology : - Not yet checked

Countries:France - Poland
Relations to other authors:
Friend of Kisielnicka, Józefa
Friend of Moraczewska, Bibianna
Friend of Orzeszkowa, Eliza
Acquaintance of Tańska-Hoffmanowa, Klementyna

About her professional situation:standardizingnov12svd: Publishing under: - to be specified Profession(s) and activities: - Poet - Fiction writer - Translator Languages in which she published : - Polish Collaboration/connections with male authors : - Not found up to now Financial aspects: - Not yet checked Memberships - Not yet checked Novelist, poet, translator (cf. online bio) The first Polish writer proclaiming feminist opinions. Very critically she bore upon the world, wherein the authority was fulfilled by men. She lived in Warsaw, later in Paris. When young worked as the au pair girl in territorial families. In Paris she was interested with the leftist ideology. Women encouraged to the creation of sisterhoods ,, sisterly the tie". [M.D.; E.W.].
Elements of bibliography:MENTIONED IN: -Urszula Philips, Narcyza Żmichowska. Feminizm i religia, tłum. Katarzyna Bojarska, (Narcyza Zmichowska. Feminism and Religion), Warsaw 2008. -Kobiety w literaturze, red. Magdaleny Goik, Warszawa – Bielsko-Biała 2009 – (Women in literature), edited by Magdalena Goik, Warsaw - Bielsko-Biala 2009. -Pisarki polskie od średniowiecza do współczesności. Przewodnik, red. Grażyna Borkowska, Małgorzata Czermińska, Urszula Philips, Gdańsk 2000 (Polish Women Authors from the Middle Ages to the Modern Timens. A reference book), the ed. Grażyna Borkowska, Małgorzata Czerminska, Ursula Philips, Gdańsk 2000.
Websites: Wikipedia on her
Online biography
NEWW contribution Chawton 2011 U. Phillips
COST-WWIH contribution U. Phillips Poznan 2012

Editors: Suzan van Dijk (create on 27 June 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 27 June 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 27 June 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 27 June 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 30 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 30 August 2011)
Ewa Wiazowska (update on 30 August 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 17 March 2012)
Astrid Kulsdom (update on 12 September 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 15 November 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 25 November 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 25 November 2012)

Works written by this author

E 1 Biała Róża (White Rose) (1858)
E 2 Czy to powieść? (Is it a novel?) (1876)
E 3 Książka pamiątek (The book of souvenirs) (1848)
E 4 Poganka (The Heathen Woman) (1846)

Authors read by this author

Xreception 1 Brontë, Charlotte   -   *Charlotte Brontë, the author
Xreception 2 Eliot, George   -   *George Eliot, the author
Xreception 3 Gaskell, Elizabeth   -   *Elizabeth Gaskell, the author
Xreception 4 Sand, George   -   Lélia
Xreception 5 Staël, Germaine de   -   De l'Allemagne
Xreception 6 Staël, Germaine de   -   Corinne ou l'Italie