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Author: Orzeszkowa, Eliza

Spouse/other names:Orzeszko, Elisa | Pawlowski
Year of birth:1841
Year of death:1910
About her personal situation:standardizingnov12svd: Origin - Location where born : Grodno - Location where livinbg: Warsaw, Prague • Location where died : to be specified National identity • Nationality : Polish • First language : Polish Marital status: - married (to a man much older than she) 1857; divorced Number of children : - Not yet checked Social class : - Nobility by birth (house Pawlowska) Education : - Not yet checked Religion/ideology : - Not yet checked

Countries:Poland - Lithuania
Relations to other authors: Friend of Żmichowska, Narcyza

Friend of Maternova, Pavla
Friend of Krásnohorská, Eliška
Friend of Konopnicka, Maria
Friend of Rodziewiczówna, Maria
Friend of Kuczalska-Reinschmit, Paulina
Friend of Ziemięcka, Eleonora
Friend of Marrené-Morzkowska, Waleria

About her professional situation:standardizingnov12svd: Publishing under: - to be specified Profession(s) and activities: - Fiction writer - Playwright - Literary critic - Traveler - Translator from German - Translator from French Languages in which she published : - Polish Collaboration/connections with male authors : - Not found up to now Financial aspects: - Living by her pen Memberships - Not yet checked Awards - nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature 1905 and 1909 She was interested with problems of women, also poor women. She wrote about the national rebirth of Lithuanians, about the assimilation of Jews. Led the wide charitable activity in Grodno. She supported the broad-minded movement of Polish women. Outstanding representative of the Polish positivism. Her program of the equality of rights directed to women from distant provinces. She popularized examples of the woman liberated from western Europe. Hereupon wrote in the Polish feminine press and in the private correspondence [M.D.; E.W.] Her literary works comprise around 30 novels, around 120 sketches and short stories, a few dramas and dozens of articles on literary and social issues. In 1905 together with Sienkiewicz and Lev Tolstoy she was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature. The prize was awarded to Sienkiewicz. Also nominated to the Nobel Prize in 1909. Many times favoured. Her compositions are read in many languases. Very esteemed by Lithuanians and Belorussians. [M.D.; E.W.]. (NB add reception, svd?) Living by her pen; campaigning for emancipation of peasantry (Buck). Travelled to Western Europe (Dajnowicz)
Elements of bibliography:MENTIONED IN: - Buck, Guide to women's literature, 1992: "Earned a living with her pen when few women had any financial independence". - Lettres européennes (Dutch version 1994) II, 861. -Urszula Philips, Narcyza Żmichowska. Feminizm i religia, tłum. Katarzyna Bojarska, (Narcyza Zmichowska. Feminism and Religion), Warsaw 2008. -Kobiety w literaturze, red. Magdaleny Goik, Warszawa – Bielsko-Biała 2009 – (Women in literature), edited by Magdalena Goik, Warsaw - Bielsko-Biala 2009. -Pisarki polskie od średniowiecza do współczesności. Przewodnik, red. Grażyna Borkowska, Małgorzata Czermińska, Urszula Philips, Gdańsk 2000 (Polish Women Authors from the Middle Ages to the Modern Timens. A reference book), the ed. Grażyna Borkowska, Małgorzata Czerminska, Ursula Philips, Gdańsk 2000. - Zachodnie wzorce i wschodnie realia. Przedstawicielki elit prowincjonalnych w XIX i pierwszej połowie XX wieku (Western models and eastern reality. Representatives of provincial elites of the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries), edited by Małgorzata Dajnowicz, Białystok 2009.
Websites: Encycl. Brittannica (with portrait)
Wikipedia (with portrait)
Virtual library of Polish literature
Online bio
NEWW contribution Chawton 2011 C. Fournier-Kiss
COST-WWIH Poznan nov.12 Dajnowicz

Editors: Marleen Dek (update on 12 December 2009)
Emma van den Eijnde (update on 22 May 2010)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
Malgorzata Dajnowicz (update on 29 August 2011)
E.Naaijkens (update on 29 August 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 29 August 2011)
Ewa Wiazowska (update on 30 August 2011)
Ewa Wiazowska (update on 30 August 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 28 October 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 30 January 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 30 January 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 21 March 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 23 March 2012)
Astrid Kulsdom (update on 12 September 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 25 November 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 25 November 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 26 May 2013)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 26 May 2013)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 13 July 2013)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 14 February 2014)

Works written by this author

E 1 *Eliza Orzeszkowa, the author ()
E 2 *Interrupted Chant (1900)
E 3 *Les aventures du petit Jean (1890)
E 4 *Verlorene Seelen (Lost Souls) ()
E 5 *Women's club.Letter to the German women. (1890)
E 6 Argonauci (1900)
E 7 Cnotliwi (The Virtuous) (1871)
E 8 Dwa bieguny (Two poles) (1893)
E 9 Dziurdziowie (1885)
E 10 Dziwak. Z opowiadań prawnika (The eccentric man. From the stories of a lawyer) (1875)
E 11 Eli Makower (1874)
E 12 Gedali (1905)
E 13 Gloria victis (1910)
E 14 Julianka. Obrazek miejski (Julianka. An urban Picture) (1978)
E 15 Kilka słów o kobietach (Some words about women) (1870)
E 16 Listy Elizy Orzeszkowej do redakcji Tygodnika Suwalskiego (1907)
E 17 Maria (1877)
E 18 Marta (1873)
E 19 Meir Ezofowicz (person's name) (1878)
E 20 Melancholicy (1896)
E 21 Mirtala (1886)
E 22 Nad Niemnem (On the Banks of the Niemen) (1888)
E 23 O kobiecie (On women) (1888)
E 24 O kobietach. Zapiski o życiu, bezprawiu, położeniu kobiety (On women. Records of life, lawlessness, and the position of women) (1891)
E 25 Obrazek z lat głodowych (A Picture from the Hungry Years) (1866)
E 26 Pajęczyna (Cobweb) (1870)
E 27 Panna Antonina (Miss Antoinette) (1881)
E 28 Początek powieści (The Begining of a Novel) (1866)
E 29 Romanowa (1888)
E 30 Sielanka nieróżowa. Obrazek miejski (A non Pink Idyll. An Urban Picture) (1878)
E 31 Stracony. Z opowiadań prawnika (Lost. From the stories of a lawyer) (1875)
E 32 Trzy nowele (1897)
E 33 W klatce (In the Cage) (1869)
E 34 Złota nitka (The Golden Thread) (1881)

Authors read by this author

Xreception 1 Sand, George   -   La petite Fadette