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Author: Aliye, Fatma

Pseudonyms:Bir Hanim - Mütercime-i Meram
Spouse/other names:Fatma Aliye Topuz, Fatma Aliye Hanım, Fatma Aliye Hanim, Alihé Hanoum,
Year of birth:1862
Year of death:1936
About her personal situation:StandardizingsvdFeb13: Origin • Place of birth : Istanbul (22 October 1862) • Lived in: Aleppo, Damascus (Syria), Ioannina (Greece), Beirut. • Place of death : İstanbul (13 July 1936) National identity • Nationality : Ottoman musulmane • First language (s) : Ottoman, French Marital status: - married (1879 with Mehmet Faik Bey) Number of children : - 4 (daughters) Hatice Faik Topuz Muhtar (1880-?); Ayşe Faik Topuz (1884–1967); Nimet Faik Topuz Selen (1900–1972); Zübeyde İsmet Faik Topuz (1901). Social class : - Higher classes Education: Well educated at home Religion/ideology : - Muslim/ Ottoman Islam.

Countries:Ottoman Empire
Languages:Ottoman Turkish
Relations to other authors:
Sister of Emine, Semiye

About her professional situation:StandardizingsvdFeb13: Publishing under: - Pseudonym female (Bir Hanim (A Lady); Mütercime-i Meram (Translator of Volonté) - Maiden Name: Fatma Aliye Hanım Profession(s) and activities: -translator from french (her first work was the traduction of Georges Ohnet's Volonté (Meram) publishing in 1889 under the pseudonym "Bir Hanim" (A Lady) - fiction writer (pioneer of Turkish female literature) -essayist -biographer -social-cultural activist -contributor to periodical press (Hanimlara Mahsus Gazete) -historian Languages in which she published : - Ottoman Turkish - French -Arabic Collaboration/connections with male authors : - Ahmet Mithat Efendi (Muslim Ottoman journalist, prolific writer, translator and publisher) Mahmut Esat Efendi Financial aspects of her career: - Invested her family money Memberships -Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete (News Paper for Women) founder of the first women’s association in the Ottoman Empire- Cemiyet-i İmdadiye ((Charity Society- 1897) Osmanlı Hilal-i Ahmer (Ottoman Red Crescent) and the Müdafaa-i Milliye Osmanlı Kadınlar Heyeti (National Defence Women’s Committee) Fatma Aliye Hanim wrote a polemical essay against the view put forward by a young ulema that polygamy was sanctioned by Qur'anic law. By contrast, Fatma Aliye argued that polygamy was an Arab custom that had been adopted in the course of the centuries. [information to be added in the record concerning this work - what was the title?
Elements of bibliography:MENTIONED IN: - Buck, Guide to women's literature, 1992. - De Haan a.o., A Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms. CEU press, 2006.
Websites: Wikipedia on her
Writers of Turkey
İstanbul Kadın Müzesi

Editors: Suzan van Dijk (update on 12 December 2009)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 23 August 2010)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 23 August 2010)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 17 March 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 22 September 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 14 February 2013)
Senem Timuroglu (update on 18 February 2013)
Senem Timuroglu (update on 18 February 2013)
Senem Timuroglu (update on 18 February 2013)
Senem Timuroglu (update on 18 February 2013)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 18 February 2013)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 18 February 2013)
Senem Timuroglu (update on 18 February 2013)
Senem Timuroglu (update on 19 February 2013)
Senem Timuroglu (update on 19 February 2013)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 28 February 2013)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 26 May 2013)

Works written by this author

E 1 *Fatma Aliye, the author ()
E 2 Ahmed Cevdet Paşa ve Zamanı, Desaadet (Cevdet Paşa and His Time) (1913)
E 3 Enin (Groaning) (1912)
E 4 Hayal ve Hakikat (Dream and Truth) (1891)
E 5 Kosova Zaferi / Ankara Hezimeti: Tarih-i Osmaninin Bir Devre-i Mühimmesi (Kosovo Victory / Ankara Defeat: an Important Historical Period in Ottoman History) (1912)
E 6 Levayih-i Hayat (Scenes from Life) (1897)
E 7 Muhazarat (Useful Information) (1892)
E 8 Namdaran-ı Zenan-ı İslamiyan (Famous Muslim Women) (1899)
E 9 Nisvan-ı İslam (Women of Islam) (1892)
E 10 Refet (1897)
E 11 Taaddut-u Zevcat (Polygamy) (1899)
E 12 Taaddut-u Zevcât için Zeyl (Continuation of the Debate on Polygamy) (1899)
E 13 Terâcim-i Ahvâl-i Felâsife (Biographies of Philosophers) (1900)
E 14 Tetkik-i Ecsam (Research on Objects) (1901)
E 15 Udi (The Lute player) (1899)
E 16 İstila-i İslam (History of İslam) (1900)

Authors read by this author

Xreception 1 Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley   -   Turkish Embassy Letters