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Author: Světlá, Karolina

Spouse/other names:Mužáková, Johana | Rottová, Johanka
Year of birth:1830
Year of death:1899
About her personal situation:Johana Rottová grew up speaking Czech in her early childhood, but from the moment she was sent to a German school, she got a German education and forgot her first language. She began to write already as a teenager (in German) : as a result, and under the recommendation of the teachers who considered this as a great sin, her parents took her out of school and decided to raise her into a good housewife. Petr Mužák was chosen to give her music lessons: he gave her at the same time Czech lessons and awoke her national feelings. She married him in 1852. The greatest sorrow of her life was the loss of her daughter (named Božena to honour the writer Božena Němcová, who was at the time a very close friend of Johanka) : she suffered from depression for years, till the physician Josef Podlipský (future husband of her sister Sophie), advised her in 1858 to devote herself to intellectual work. Thanks to him, Johanka found the strength to take up again the pen and began to write under the pseudonym of Karolina Světlá. In 1862, she fell in love with the poet Jan Neruda and kept with him an intensive correspondence during several months. This platonic relationship had nevertheless to stop because of the slanders, but became the main source of inspiration of her literary work (see K. Světlá's Memories, "Z literárního soukromí").

Countries:Bohemia - Czech Republic
Relations to other authors: Acquaintance of Wysłouchowa, Maria
Friend of Krásnohorská, Eliška
Sister of Podlipská, Sofie
Friend of Němcová, Božena
Friend of Grabowska, Maria

Friend of Mourková, Josefina
Friend of Fabkovičová, Marie
Friend of Zapová, Honorata z Wiśniowskich

About her professional situation:Founder of the Czech women's association called "Ženský výrobní spolek český" (ŽVSČ), 1871. Collaborator to the journal "Ženské listy" (Women´s writings), feminist periodical launched in 1873 as the organ of expression of the ŽVSČ. Author of short stories, fairytales, novels, political stories, essays. Prolific, influential. Published two articles on the women´s question: "O vychování ženy" (On the education of women); "Listy ženám o ženách" (Letters for women about women).
Elements of bibliography:MENTIONED IN: - Buck, Guide to women's literature, 1992 - Lucien Mazenod, Ghislaine Schoeller: Dictionnaire des femmes célèbres. Paris 1992, p. 827. - Lettres européennes (Dutch version 1994) II, 837 - Moldanová, Dobrava, "České spisovatelky v 19. století" - Slovník českých spisovatelů, libri, Praha 2005, 630-631 - Slovník českých spisovatelů, Praha 1964, 474 Bibliography : - Světlá, Karolina, "Z literárního soukromí (I and II)" (Memories, Journals, Correspondence, etc.) - Čermaková-Sluková, Anežka, "Vzpomínky na Karolinu Světlou", Praha, 1909. - Řepková, Marie, "Vypravěčské Umění Karoliny Světlé – k proměnám tematu a tvaru její ještědské prozy", Ustí nad Labem, 1977. - Spičák, Josef, "Karolina Světlá", Praha, 1966.
Websites: NEWW contribution Bucharest 2012 C. Fournier-Kiss
NEWW contribution Madrid 2010 A. Hermida de Blàs (Spanish)

Editors: Ursula Stohler (create on 14 October 2010)
Ursula Stohler (update on 14 October 2010)
Ursula Stohler (update on 18 February 2011)
Ursula Stohler (update on 22 February 2011)
Ursula Stohler (update on 22 February 2011)
Ursula Stohler (update on 23 February 2011)
Milena Lenderova (update on 07 April 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 07 May 2011)
Ursula Stohler (update on 26 July 2011)
Ursula Stohler (update on 26 July 2011)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 23 March 2012)
Corinne Fournier Kiss (update on 05 April 2012)
Corinne Fournier Kiss (update on 14 May 2012)
Corinne Fournier Kiss (update on 15 May 2012)
Corinne Fournier Kiss (update on 18 May 2012)
Corinne Fournier Kiss (update on 18 May 2012)
Astrid Kulsdom (update on 12 September 2012)
Astrid Kulsdom (update on 19 September 2012)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 19 March 2014)

Works written by this author

E 1 *Dans l'intimité des gens de lettres (1874)
E 2 *Johana Mužáková, the author ()
E 3 Blázínek (The little Fool) (1891)
E 4 Cikánka : povídka (The gypsy woman: a story) (1863)
E 5 Dvojí probuzení (Double awakening) (1858)
E 6 Frantina (Woman's name) (1870)
E 7 Hubička (The Kiss) (1871)
E 8 Ještě několik archů z rodinné kroniky (Somes more Pages of a Family Chronicle) (1863)
E 9 Kantůrčice : Z pohorského zákoutí (Woman Sage: From behind the Foothills) (1876)
E 10 Konec a počátek : novela od Karoliny Světlé (The end and the beginning: a novella) (1874)
E 11 Kříž u potoka (The cross at the brook) (1868)
E 12 Kříž u potoka ; Vesnický román ; Zvonečková královna ; Zapomenutý příběh (The cross at the brook; A country novel; The bell queen) (1872)
E 13 Lamač a jeho dítě (The quarryman and his child) (1864)
E 14 Na bludné cestě : Časový obr. (On the wrong path: a picture of the time) (1890)
E 15 Na úsvitě (At daybreak) (1865)
E 16 Nemodlenec (The Man who didn't pray) (1873)
E 17 Námluvy (Courtship) (1872)
E 18 Něbožka Barbora (The deceased Barbara) (1873)
E 19 Několik archů z rodinné kroniky (Somes Pages of a Family Chronicle) (1862)
E 20 Několik dní ze života pražského hejska (A few Days in the Life of a Prague Dandy) (1863)
E 21 O krejčíkově Anežce : povídka (About the tailor's daughter Anezhka: a story) (1860)
E 22 Poslední paní Hlohovská : Obraz z druhé doby předešlého století (The last lady Hlohovska: an image of the time of the past) (1875)
E 23 První Ceska (1861)
E 24 Příšla do rozumu (She came to her Mind) (1878)
E 25 Satanáš : časový obraz z Pojizeří (1885)
E 26 Sefka (Woman's name) (1859)
E 27 Sestry (The Sisters) (1859)
E 28 Skalak : obrázek z hor / od Karoliny Světlé (The Rock-Dweller: a picture from the mountains) (1872)
E 29 Společnice : novela / od Karoliny Světlé (The lady-companion: a novella) (1872)
E 30 Teta Vavřincová (Aunt Vavrinec) (1879)
E 31 Vesnický román (A country novel) (1867)
E 32 Z literárního soukromí (1874)
E 33 Zvonečková královna : (zapomenutý příběh) / vypravuje Karolina Světlá (Little Bell Queen: a forgotten story) (1872)
E 34 Černá divizna (The Black Mullein) (1887)
E 35 Černý Petříček : Pražský obrázek (Little black Peter: a picture from Prague) (1876)
E 36 Škola mé štěstí : povídka ze života velkoměstského n (1879)

Authors read by this author

Xreception 1 Sand, George   -   *George Sand, the author
Xreception 2 Zapová, Honorata z Wiśniowskich   -   *Honorata Zapová, the author