Searching You can search by clicking on one of the following links on the upper side of the screen. "Authors" to search for an author "Works" to search for a work "Receptions" to search for a reception Some hints for the various fields on which you can search: Author of reception document Use this field to find receptions by this person. To find receptions by a woman: search on her name To find receptions by a category (i.e. by men): search on the category To find receptions by a specific man: search on his name in the "title of reception document" field Author of work Use this field to find receptions of the works of this writer. Country This list contains only countries, not the areas in which a language was spoken. Sometimes you are uncertain about a country, for instance if you don't know if a writer who wrote in German lived in Germany, Austria, Switzerland or even the double-monarchy. Similary if a writer wrote in various languages or in the language that was not the official one of the country in which she lived. In such cases, it's best to try all possible countries (or no country at all) Elements of bibliography In this field you can search for various bibliographical works Gender The list of authors also ..\includes: * some names of persons who are not known for certain to be female (to find them choose "both") * various categories for male authors (e.g. translator) - their names, if known, are specified in the relevant records Genre The list allows you to choose amongst a number of genres. We have chosen to use fairly broadly defined genres, instead of splitting them into more precise subgenres (like historical novel, novel in letters). Living in year You can only search on a single year. Searching on a period of time is not possible Name Search in the names of "authors". The term "authors" here ..\includes translators and reporters, and any other women who have addressed themselves to a wider audience in writing or in print. Not included are women who just kept a diary or only wrote private letters. When searching, a part of the name often suffices. Receiving country Choose the country for which you'd like to see data on receptions. Please note: if you're looking for translations into a particular language, try all the countries in which this language was used. Records per page You can change this value if you'd like to see more records per page Reference Search on references to the source of a reception (such as journal, volume and page number of an article) Source This list contains the various sources in which data can be found. These include 18th and 19th century journals, library catalogues and lists of translations. By selecting one, you get the data which were found in this source. Title of reception document Search on the title of a translation, article etc. You can also use this field to search male reception-authors by name. Topos Search on narrative elements that can have a part in women's texts. Such elements, called "narrative topoi", are indicated with a code which was developed by SATOR (Société pour l'Analyse de la Topique Romanesque; see At the moment, these codes are only available in French. We are working on selecting topoi that can be considered relevant for the field of female authorship. Type of reception document This is a list of the various types of receptions: translation, journal article, comments in an egodocument etc. By selecting one, you get data on receptions of that particular type. Words of title You can search on the whole or part of a title. If you search on common words, the number of results may be too high. Try searching on words that are unique to the title you're looking for. Written/published in year Search on the year in which a reception was written or published. The "Reports" link takes you to a page with reports. Reports contain all the data in this database, grouped in various ways. Editors can use "login" link to get to the login page.

Author: Roswitha von Gandersheim

Spouse/other names:Hrosvitha, Hrotswitha, Hrotsvith, starke Stimme oder der laute Ruf von Gandersheim
Year of birth:938
Year of death:973
About her personal situation:

Relations to other authors:

About her professional situation:Hroswitha was a Cannoness in the Abbey of Gandersheim. She is now considered Germany's first woman literary writer. Among philosophers she is known as a female 'lover of wisdom' during a time when few Europeans were engaged in the intellectual life. We are fairly certain of Hroswitha of Gandersheim's date of birth but know nothing of her early years. There appears to be no record of the date she entered the Benedictine monastery at Gandersheim . Since this monastery only accepted novices from noble families, Hroswitha of Gandersheim may have started her education at home or at the monastery where she was a Cannoness, and not a monastic nun. It should be noted that when Hroswitha entered this monastery, she entered as a Cannoness and not as a nun. The practical implication of this is that as a Cannoness, she would have taken vows of chastity and obedience but not poverty. As a Cannoness in the Abbey of Gandersheim, Hroswitha would have been "allowed to receive guests, to come and go with permission, to own books, to own property, and were [sic] permitted to have servants, although they lived a communal life and took part in the daily recitation of the Divine Office" [Source: Ann Lyon Haight. Hroswitha of Gandersheim: Her Life, Her Times, Her Works p. 11] It is clear that she enjoyed an outstanding education and read the Latin classics as well as Christian authors. The Abbess at Gandersheim during the time that Hroswitha of Gandersheim was there was named Gerberg, (or Gerberga). She was a neice of Otto I. Gerberg followed in the tradition of Benedictine scholars and she not only encouraged Hroswitha of Gandersheim but appears to have mentored her in her studies. We have a letter To Greberg which shows her admiration and gratitude to this Abbess. As typical in a monastery of that time, Hroswitha's works were composed at the request of her abbess. Gerberg was connected with the court and she asked Hroswitha to write a heroic poem in honor of the Emperor of Otho I. The cannoness complied. She also wrote a history of the Gandersheim monastery and a series of plays and a number of poems. It is clear from Hroswitha of Gandersheim's own words that she saw her writing as part of the activity of her religious commitment. jjapr10
Elements of bibliography:MENTIONED IN: - Talvj, German Women Writers, 1861 p.18-38 - Lerner, Creation of Feminist Consciousness, 1993, discussed p.48-9.
Websites: Bibliotheca Augustana
Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon

Editors: Juliana Jovicic (create on 06 April 2010)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 19 August 2010)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 23 August 2010)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 23 August 2010)
Juliana Jovicic (update on 13 October 2010)
Juliana Jovicic (update on 14 October 2010)
Juliana Jovicic (update on 14 October 2010)
Juliana Jovicic (update on 14 October 2010)
Juliana Jovicic (update on 14 October 2010)
Juliana Jovicic (update on 15 October 2010)
Suzan van Dijk (update on 07 May 2011)

Works written by this author

E 1 Agnes (962)
E 2 Abraham (963)
E 3 Basilius (962)
E 4 Calimachus (963)
E 5 Dionysius (962)
E 6 Dulcitius (963)
E 7 Gallicanus (963)
E 8 Gesta Oddonis (960)
E 9 Gondolf (959)
E 10 Maria (959)
E 11 Pafnutius (963)
E 12 Pelagius (959)
E 13 Primordia coenobii Gandeshemensis (973)
E 14 Sapientia (963)
E 15 Theophilus (959)

Authors read by this author

No records found